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Medical gases are used for patient health care in different ways.At first, healthcare providers recognized the dangers of using heavy, high-pressure medical gas cylinders.

Instead, the medical gas piping system provides medical gas and vacuum systems, which is a safe, permanent, and inexpensive means of supply.

In general, medical gases are distinct substances segregated from the air separately for various medical applications and should only be bought from genuine Medical Gas Supplier.

Commonly used medical gases in hospitals are

  1. Oxygen (O2)

Oxygen is the most critical gas on earth; it is used as a medical gas to sustain life and power anesthesia equipment and ventilators, as well as other methods of manual ventilation. Three sources are employed for oxygen supply: cylinders, vacuum insulated evaporator or bulk tank, and oxygen concentrator system.

Also, it is essential to remember that oxygen is color-coded white.

  1. Nitrous oxide (N2O)

Nitrous oxide is a medicinal gas that is administered through an anesthesia machine.

It mixes with oxygen and various anesthetic agents. Therefore, operating rooms are the only location where nitrous oxide is found within the hospital setting.

Typically, a manifold supply system is the source of nitrous oxide gas, and the cylinders that are part of the equipment are blue-coded and the pipes.

  1. Medicinal air

In general, type 4 medicinal air is used primarily for respiratory treatments.The supply source can be a medical gas distribution system or a medical compressor system.The color code for this type of air is black.

The power supply is similar to that of medical air 4.

  1. Carbon dioxide (CO2)

Carbon dioxide is a medical gas used for insufflation purposes in open-heart surgery and laparoscopic procedures.

Portable cylinders are generally the source of CO2 that is coded by gray.

  1. Medical vacuum

The medical vacuum is supplied using a central vacuum plant.

You should always use the vacuum system in conjunction with vacuum control units that include vacuum vessels. It is a negative pressure used to suction patients and the anesthetic gas system.

Typically, the vacuum is supplied at a pressure 400 mmHg below atmospheric pressure. Vacuum tubes are known for their yellow color.

System components for gas supply

Medical Gas Delivery Services  must supply medical gas from a wholly independent and separate system.

All parts of each system must be gas-specific to ensure no possibility of cross-connection between the systems, thus avoiding an accident.

A typical configuration is designed for each system, as shown to include the following components.

  • Sources
  • Pipe networks
  • Valves
  • Warning and alarm systems
  • Exits and entrances
  • Secondary teams

Principles of design

In the design of vacuum systems and medical gas, the aim is to give a safe and sufficient flow at the requisite pressures to the supply points.

The main requirements are based on:

  • Analysis of hospital areas to determine gas systems
  • Several Medical Gas Outlets and Inlets terminals.
  • The location of the exit/entry terminal.
  • Type and style of exit/entry terminal to better meet the needs of medical personnel.
  • Take into account any expansion of the building.
  • Determine the locations of the various medical gas supply sources.

Different manufacturers supply various types of Med Gas Outlets and Inlets terminals.

Published at: Recent Health Articleshttp://recenthealtharticles.org

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