Home » General Health » How to Install Yard Drainage For Your Home

If your home suffers from wet soil conditions or frequent flooding or standing water from even the smallest amount of rainfall, maybe you should consider installing some underground drainage piping or catch basins. There are several options for a homeowner to choose from and we will cover some them in this article.

You must first determine if the water condition is due to a heavy clay soil that will not allow water to penetrate and seep into the ground below perhaps or is the water coming from an overflowing nearby brook or stream. These are two entirely different situations. Standing water that steadily drains by itself may indicate poor soil conditions that simply does not absorb water quickly. Re grading this area may shed the water away from your home further protecting your foundation and basement. The use of longer downspout piping to move water away from the house will also aid in this effort.

If the water simply sits in a puddle for days and days, you may be a candidate for some yard drainage piping. A long trench filled with a perforated pipe and stone and ending at daylight is called a French Drain. Usually the trench is about one foot wide and the stone stays exposed at ground or lawn level. This allows not only the standing water on the grounds surface to drain down through the stone and into the perforated piping but any water in the soil will also migrate to the stone filled trench and drain the area as well. Removing the top water and the underground migrating water will result in a much drier yard area.

These will rapidly take on water much quicker than waiting for the water to seep down through the stone and into the perforated piping. By connecting the perforated pipe to the basin you are taking away water through the French drain trench and the catch basin all at the same time. Make sure the pipe you select is capable of carrying the amount of water you are getting in an average rainfall. Four and six inch perforated pipe comes in large rolls which is easy to roll out and back fill. Eight inch and larger diameter piping comes in ten and twenty foot lengths These need couplings to assemble together and are nowhere near as flexible as the smaller sizes. Curving trenches is a snap using the roll piping.

Filter fabric is required in all French drain installations. Both four and six inch sizes are available with a fabric sock thereby saving the labor to wrap or cover the pipe. If you are using the wrapped pipe, a small amount of stone is placed along the trench bottom, graded on a slope to the low end of the trench and the pipe then rolled out in the trench. Trying to keep the pipe centered in the trench as much as possible, carefully add stone to cover the pipe and anchor it in place. Once the pipe is covered, back fill the trench to grade level.

The easiest way to Yard Drainage Guys the slope of your trench and piping is to use a simple level and rod available for rent at all rental stores. After mounting the level on the proper tripod and making sure the level itself is level using the three screws on the bottom of the level and the bubble level on the base of the level, place the rod on the top of the catch basin and read the numbers in the cross hairs of the level. Most rods used today are metric measurement and are very easy to use.

If you are using a catch basin in your drainage system, that should be installed first. Excavate the hole to the required depth so the top of the catch basin is slightly below the surrounding area. Over excavate a few inches and place some stone below the basin. This will provide both a solid base for the basin and some additional sump area for water to gather underground. Now proceed with the rest of your trenching and piping work. A word of caution here. If your trench at any time exceeds four feet deep, you must install shoring to hold back the banks of the trench.

Published at: Recent Health Articleshttp://recenthealtharticles.org

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