If your home has an unfinished basement, you’ve probably thought about framing it at some point in time. If you have not, this article will introduce you to the benefits and drawbacks of the process. Finishing your basement is an excellent way to increase the value of your home and create more space that can be used for extra rooms like a recreation room, living room or a study. Before constructing the framing for the interior and exterior walls, it is usually a good idea check for plumbing and wiring issues and make sure that both utilities will be available once the drywall is secured onto the framing.
Once you have a good plan in place for the utilities, you can then go ahead and develop a floor plan and decide where the interior wall framing will be erected. Here are some questions you should ask yourself during the planning stage of the project: What will I use the rooms in the basement for? Would the space available be better suited for a family room, recreation room or home office? Do I want to spend extra time making the basement look nice or just finish the walls with drywall? Certain floor layouts and room sizes are better suited for specific uses. Framing basement framing walls is a difficult task if you choose not to plan first before you start working.
If you have decided to put in some extra effort and make your basement warm and comfortable to sit in, the exterior walls should be constructed using 2×4 pieces of wood. The interior walls should be framed using the same materials in this case. This allows insulation to be placed between the studs which helps improve the energy efficiency of your home. If retaining heat isn’t the focus of your design, drywall must still be screwed onto the exterior walls. Furring strips are another option and basically consist of 2×2 pieces glued and nailed to the unfinished walls.
Interior walls are constructed on the ground before they are lifted into position. It is extremely important to build them a little shorter than the measured height of your basement because all floors have slight variations here and there. Once the wall is erected, shimmies are then wedged in the excess space to hold the wall in position. If the framing is too tall, it will be very difficult to stand the frame up all the way up as it will get caught on ceiling joists. If your home is built on top of a layer of clay then the floor of your basement will experience swelling whenever there is heavy rainfall. In this case, L-shaped framing clips should be used to secure the walls to the floor joists. These clips give the walls some room to move without sacrificing support and strength.