Home » Acne Free Treatment » The applications of nanotechnology

It have been developed from natural molecules and compounds to suit requirements in every field of endeavour. We all use washing and cleaning products every day in our homes to deliver an efficient cleansing to our clothes, cutlery, floors, tiles and machines. We use chemicals in our washing machines and to rid the machines themselves of residues that start forming over time. Some substances are designed to remove stains while have the capacity to relieve odour. Among the commonly used acids for cleaning purposes are sulphuric acid. It is used to treat waste water, refine oil among a number of applications. The transfer of such corrosive chemicals has to be accomplished with mechanisms such as Diaphragm Pumps . The chemicals need to be handled without spillage and the pumps have to be fabricated with materials that can withstand the effects of the chemicals. The rate of flow can be selected to be either low or high. Inside the pump, a membrane is used to vary the volume of the chamber which draws the fluid into the chamber. The return of the membrane in the reciprocating action causes the fluid to be pumped out. The same mechanism is used in the fabrication of artificial hearts. These pumps can also be used as air compressors.

The Diaphragm Pump were devised during the industrial revolutionof the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries which also witnessed the manufacture of sulphuric acid in huge quantities. The other major chemical that was an integral part of the revolution was that of sodium carbonate, which was prepared by newer methods that reduced time and cost.In the twenty-first century, as technology moves to a manipulation of matter at the atomic level by the development of nanotechnology, processes such as filtration of water can acquire new efficiencies that can vastly improve environmental outcomes. The era of nanotechnology developed wings with the invention of microscopes that provided a view of the atomic state. A nanometre is one billionth of a metre. At this level, metals have uses that they are not able to deliver in their normal availability. A nanoparticle of silver provides anti-bacterial and anti-fungal action to processes that require extremely high levels of sterilisation, such as those of bioengineering and textile engineering. There are risks if these nanoparticles are not handled properly.

Nanoparticles of silver can cause damage to the internal organs. While the same particle has uses in medicine, it also presents the hazard of being harmful if not monitored effectively. One of the pivotal discoveries in nanotechnology is fullerenes which are a form of carbon in the shape of a hollow sphere. They are made up of 20 to 80 atoms of carbon. These nanotubes of carbon are structured with a wall of one atom or many atoms leading to their classification as single-walled and multi-walled. The diameter of such a structure is 1 nanometre while the length can be greater than a hundred million nanometres. It is these structures that are used to manufacture stain-resistant textiles. Among the smallest atoms are those of hydrogen with a diameter of a quarter of a nanometre.

Published at: Recent Health Articleshttp://recenthealtharticles.org

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